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Monday, August 10, 2020 | History

2 edition of What we know and do not know about the NIH peer review system found in the catalog.

What we know and do not know about the NIH peer review system

Grace M. Carter

What we know and do not know about the NIH peer review system

by Grace M. Carter

  • 79 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by Rand Corp. in Santa Monica, CA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • National Institute of Health (U.S.) -- Research grants.,
  • Medicine -- Research -- Research grants -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 31-32.

    StatementGrace M. Carter.
    SeriesRand note -- N-1878-RC/NIH
    ContributionsRand Corporation.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 32 p. ;
    Number of Pages32
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16498805M

    NIH uses the Secure Payee Reimbursement System (SPRS) to electronically reimburse peer reviewers for honoraria and expenses from participating in peer review meetings. Reviewers must register with SPRS through the eRA Commons and maintain current address and banking information in the system to ensure timely disbursements.   NIH follows a dual review system based on two sequential levels of review for each grant application - an initial peer review and a second-level review by NIH National Advisory Councils. NIH's initial review is performed either by the Center for Scientific Research or an Institute or Center Review Group that reviews and evaluates the scientific.

    Peer Review is Fundamental to the NIH Mission The NIH two‐tier peer review system is the foundation on which the agency’s funding of extramural research is based While this system is highly regarded throughout the world, it is vital that NIH continue to innovate and optimize the process by which grant applications are reviewed 2.   A critical component in assuring the efficacy of NIH’s peer review system is the continuous assessment of peer review activities, to be sure that the practices and policies uphold the core values of peer review. In fact, this continual assessment was a key component of the NIH Enhancing Peer Review Initiative.. These continuous assessment activities include ongoing analysis .

      Yes, it is now clear that the peer review system is severely broken. Only the most extreme examples have been mentioned in this discussion. There are many more that are less severe. I can’t believe how many reviewers make comments that reveal that they do not know the subject matter well or have not read the grant application carefully. Summary of Comments Received on Peer Review Executive Summary This report provides a summary of the comments received in response to National Institutes of. Health’s (NIH) request for ideas and recommendations to improve the NIH System to Support Biomedical and Behavioral Research and Peer Review.


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What we know and do not know about the NIH peer review system by Grace M. Carter Download PDF EPUB FB2

Overview The core values of peer review drive the NIH to seek the highest level of ethical standards, and form the foundation for the laws, regulations, and policies that govern the NIH peer review process.

The NIH dual peer review system is mandated by statute in accordance with section of the Public Health Service Act and federal regulations governing "Scientific Peer Review of.

What we know and do not know about the NIH peer review system. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp., [] (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors /. The mission of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is to seek fundamental knowledge about the the NIH peer review system, including descriptions of its core values and safeguards on fairness.

Federal employees with a need to know, reviewers, and support contractors are allowed to attend NIH review Size: KB. While there are indications that the peer review system has worked quite well, a literature review suggests two major gaps in the understanding of how the system works and thus how it might be improved: (1) the system's effect on innovative high-risk research, and (2) the validity and reliability of priority scores used by the system.

The core values of peer review drive the NIH to seek the highest level of ethical standards, and form the foundation for the laws, regulations, and policies that govern the NIH peer review process. The NIH peer review system is mandated by statute in accordance with section of the Public Health Service Act and federal regulations governing "Scientific Peer Review of.

For Applicants. CSR’s primary role is to handle the receipt and review of ~ 70% of the grant applications that NIH receives. NIH separates the review process from funding decisions. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest source of funding for biomedical research in the world. Funding decisions are made largely based on the outcome of a peer review process that is intended to provide a fair, equitable, timely, and unbiased review of the quality, scientific merit, and potential impact of the research.

Granting access to any NIH secure computer system or advisory committee meeting to anyone who has not been officially designated to participate in the peer review process. Disclosing, in any manner, information about the committee deliberations, discussions, evaluations, or documents to anyone who has not been designated to participate in the.

For Reviewers. Information for reviewers: Find pre-meeting, meeting and post-meeting activities on our ‘Information for Reviewers’ website. The site includes key information such as reviewer guidelines, policy documents, step-by-step instructions for using the Internet Assisted Review (IAR) system.

Learn about the assignment and review process. Find out how you hear back about review results and your next steps. Application Assigned to a Review Group The NIH Center for Scientific Review (CSR) checks your application for administrative and formatting requirements.

CSR also assigns the application to an NIH Institute or Center (IC) and a review group. The Peer Review module allows scientific review staff to prepare for, conduct and record outcomes of review meetings (including summary statements that summarize the review of grant applications).

The module covers coordination, planning, conducting reviews, making award recommendations and providing review output. If you don’t know what’s happening on the bench, you’re not going to move to the bedside with any reproducible or knowledgeable treatment. Avoid proposing to "collect more data": It might help you to set up the system, but if it is not critical to fundamental understanding, do not dwell on it.

Although some experiments might take a lot of. PROPOSALS FOR REFORM. Recent systematic studies show that NIH grant peer review fails in its primary goal of stratifying meritorious applications when it comes to predicting the primary research outcome of citation metrics (6,– 8).Despite data to the contrary, the CSR (NIH Center for Scientific Review) continues to defend its methods ().Recent reforms in NIH peer review have.

NIH peer reviewers are scientists, mostly from academia. Given that they must provide objective, fair, and timely reviews free from inappropriate influences, they are fully vetted for potential conflicts of interest, appropriate expertise requirements, and other requirements based on NIH peer review policies.

Remember you’re not expected to know everything: Peer review is a group process with multiple individuals providing special expertise and different points of view. Let Go and Have Fun: Be very clear about the strengths or the weaknesses and try to give a sense of what you think will be learned by things.

To keep medical advances coming, we are working to: Scientifically assess approaches to improve the efficiency and the quality of NIH peer review. Understand and address possible disparities in NIH awards. Collaborate with the NIH and scientific communities to identify critical problems and develop solutions for supporting the best science.

Most applications are assigned to CSR study sections for review, while about 30% of the applications are reviewed by review groups organized by an NIH Institute or Center. CSR Review Groups: Once you know the scientific review group assigned to your application, you may look up the meeting date and the review group roster on the CSR Web site.

Title: What We Know and Do Not Know About the NIH Peer Review System Author: Grace M. Carter Subject: Reviews recent literature concerning the peer review system used by the National Institutes of Health. Scholarly peer review (also known as refereeing) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal, conference proceedings or as a book.

The peer review helps the publisher (that is, the editor-in-chief, the editorial board or the program. Author(s): Carter,Grace M Title(s): What we know and do not know about the NIH peer review system/ Grace M. Carter. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Santa Monica, CA: Rand, [] Description: xi, 32 p.

Do not repeat the applicant’s description verbatim. When finished, upload the document to IAR (See Submit Critiques & Scores) Please refer to the Writing/Reviewing and Uploading Critiques section in Pre-Meeting Do's and Don’ts for important tips on what to include (or not. The BMJ has until now used a closed system of peer review, where the authors do not know who has reviewed their papers.

The reviewers do, however, know the names of the authors. Most medical journals use the same system, but it’s based on custom not evidence. Now we plan to let authors know the identity of reviewers.NIH Peer Review Revealed provides a front-row seat to a NIH peer review meeting.

Real scientists from the scientific community review fictional but realistic grant applications for scientific merit. The NIH Center for Scientific Review created this video for new applicants and others who want to know how the National Institutes of Health evaluates + grant.